A new study has quantified just how under-represented woman are in France's public teaching of history. Out of 339 figures from around the world and across the centuries whose biographies are included in French high schools new history books, only 11 are women, according to the study conducted by Hubertine Auclert, a feminist research center.
Moreover, the study criticized the portraits for being simplistic and stereotypical: Marie-Antoinette is described as a carefree and whimsical queen; others, like Germanys Angela Merkel or Frances Segolène Royal are only represented photographs -- sans captions.
Typically, women are depicted as mothers, daughters or wives, and their role is often limited to biological and educational purposes. They are very rarely shown as actively taking part in the making of history.
Crucial issues -- like womens suffrage, or the fact that women were not eligible for Athenian citizenship -- are well documented, but women remain insufficiently and inadequatly represented in these new manuals.
Read the full story in French by Marie-Estelle Pech
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