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Turkey-And-Egg Question: Which Came First, The Country Or The Bird?


PARIS - The Internet from the East was buzzing with Erdogan, from the West were Thanksgiving recipes ... All this got us Worldcrunch birds to finally ask out loud: why does a nation of 75 million share a name with a holiday fowl? Is it mere linguistic coincidence? Some unsolved historical-ornithological riddle? A bad idea for a cookbook?

Here is how’s dictionary talks turkey:

"In the 1540s, the guinea fowl, a bird with some resemblance to the Thanksgiving avian, was imported from Madagascar through Turkey by traders known as Turkish merchants. […] Then, the Spaniards brought turkeys back to the Americas by way of North Africa and Turkey, where the bird was mistakenly called the same name. Europeans who encountered the bird in the Americas latched on to the “turkey fowl” name, and the term was condensed simply to ‘turkey.’"

Confused yet? Maybe Monica and Chandler can help...

But it gets even trickier: Giancarlo Casale, a specialist in the history of the early modern Ottoman empire at the University of Minnesota, notes in a meaty explanation that the Portuguese word for turkey is "peru." Even better, in Turkish, the word for the bird is "hindi," as in "from India" – which closely resembles the French word "dinde"…

Find that hard to gobble? There's more: Casale explains that in Arabic the word for turkey is “Ethiopian bird,” while in Greek it is “gallapoula” or “French girl.”

So... if the bird is called turkey in America, and "hindi" in Turkey, what’s it called in India?? 

Oh nevermind. Dig in...or as we say here in Paris: À la bouffe!

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