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The Cost Of Aghanistan's Electoral Fiasco

KABUL — Afghanistan's finance minister Omar Zakhilwal says the country's ongoing deadlock over the presidential election has already cost the economy an estimated $5 billion. The vote took place in April and the final result was expected on July 22 — but because of widespread accusations of fraud, neither Abdullah Abdullah nor Ashraf Ghani, the two candidates that made it to the second round, was declared the winner. The two contenders have each claimed victory but have so far failed to reach a deal on a government of national unity. In an interview with the BBC, Zakhilval said he would have to cut salaries and lay off government workers if the crisis was not resolved by the end of the month. Meanwhile, foreign investment is at a standstill and government revenues have fallen sharply. Read more from the BBC here. Photo: Ahmad Massoud/Xinhua/ZUMA...

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In Afghanistan, The Bravery To Be A Waitress

KABUL — It took me eight days to convince 37-year-old Gul Rukh to let me conduct this interview. The Afghanistan woman living in Kabul feared talking openly about her waitress job at the Mumtaz Mahal Wedding Hall. "I earn $200 a month at the hotel," she says. "I am very happy doing my job, but I am treated very badly by society, my relatives and neighbors for doing it. They scoff at me and believe working as a hotel waitress is not a good job for a woman. But when my husband became disabled, I had to find work to pay for my children's education. This job is the best option." She says taking orders and serving people their food is much easier than working on a farm or in a factory. The Mumtaz Mahal Wedding Hall is one of the most popular entertainment and hotel venues among the rich and even some middle-class families in Kabul. Rukhshana, a mother of five children, also works here. "I have washed clothes before and worked with livestock, but this is the best job. I came to Kabul so that my children can get a good education, and working at this hotel is a good job.” Mumtaz Mahal manager Obaid Allah Nayab says that having female waitresses — there are 11 at the banquet hall and hotel — is good for business because the venue also hosts women-only parties in addition to weddings in which the clients don't want male staff. "I am very happy having waitresses working in our hotel," he says. "The only problem is conservative groups in our society. Otherwise, there is no problem with women working.” Laila Haidery, manager of the restaurant and party site Taj Begum, also employs women as waitresses. In fact, she has been attacked twice by unknown men. "There are people who are against women working, especially when they see successful women like me," she says. "I have nearly been killed twice. The first time was when I was getting into a taxi and two men tried to choke me. I fought back, but they beat me a lot. The second time, some men came to my home and tried to kill me, but I fired at them and they escaped." Despite the dangers, she is commited to her work and is making good money. Akram Yawari, who recently returned to Kabul after studying in India, says he is happy to see Afghan women working in what are traditionally male jobs in this country. "I think these women working in hotels can inspire others," Yawari says. "This is my first time in this hotel, but I think it's good for families and for women who want to eat outside the house."...

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Women Boxers Fight Prejudices In Afghanistan

KABUL — Boxing is Shigofa Haidari’s passion. But in Afghanistan, that means practicing three days a week in Kabul’s Ghazi Stadium, where the Taliban used to organize public executions. Haidari is wearing a light headscarf today. An injury prevents her from training, but she is happy to watch her friends go through all the basic boxing moves. The women are skipping, trotting slowly in single file between the punching bags, and sparring in the ring. Yes, women’s boxing has officially gained recognition in Afghanistan a decade after the fundamentalist Taliban militia reigned over Kabul, where they forbade sport altogether as a threat that could turn humans away from God. Of course, they also banned women from leaving home unless they were covered from head to toe. Even their eyes had to be hidden behind a full burqa. The symbolism of women boxing in Ghazi Stadium, where the ultimate punishment was meted out for those who disobeyed the Taliban’s fundamentalist edicts, is highly significant.Boxing training in a club in Kabul — Photo: Ahmad Massoud/Zuma Breaking taboos Since Western countries arrived in Afghanistan, the promotion of sports has won some battles, but not yet the war against certain traditions. A fierce opposition still exists against certain disciplines, among which most certainly is women’s boxing, which aims to break the most deeply anchored taboo of Afghan society. “We agree women can become doctors, economists or mathematicians, but not athletes,” says a former Taliban leader. He insists that when a woman practices a sport such as boxing, she commits numerous sins, including the wearing of inappropriate dress, making a spectacle of herself in front of men, and traveling without a male family member as an escort. Mir Zarif Jallal, head of international relations at the Afghan Olympic National Comittee, explains that many still believe that physical activities linked to sport can damage a woman’s hymen. “The woman’s virginity and the signs used to prove it have a crucial significance in this country,” he says. “It constitutes one of the main reasons for the opposition to women’s boxing and other disciplines like it.”...

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On Eve Of Afghan Election, Prisoners And Families In Crossfire

KANDAHAR — The young man’s voice comes crackling through, sounding as if it’s so far away that it’s another era entirely. Bent over an old telephone fitted in a box, an old woman wrapped all in black listens hard and asks questions, in between her sobs. The whole family is gathered around the woman: her two sons, her brother, a nephew and a cousin. They are all crammed in the tiny wooden booth installed by the International Committee of the Red Cross at its headquarters in Kandahar, the largest city in southern Afghanistan and the Taliban’s spiritual home.  The young man whose echo was scrambled across the telephone line is named Zakaria. He is being detained more than 500 kilometers away, in the infamous prison of Bagram, the location of a U.S. military base north of Kabul. He was arrested during the summer of 2013 in his home village of Qala Shamir, in one of the most violent districts near Kandahar. “He was sleeping peacefully at home when they arrived and arrested him in the middle of the night,” recalls Abdul Malik, a cousin who accompanied the rest of his family for the phone call organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Amid daily violence, Afghanistan prepares to vote for a new president Saturday, and the issue of prisoners like Zakaria continues to be a thorn in the side of the relationship between outgoing President Hamid Karzai and the United States. The longstanding Afghan leader has been making a point of denouncing night raids by American troops, part of his strategy to win back support from a public that has never accepted the arbitrary aspect of many arrests or the number of civilians killed and injured during those operations. A terrible mistake Since the U.S. ceded control of the Bagram detention center to the Afghan authorities in March 2013, Karzai has ordered the release of 120 prisoners over the objections of Washington. The Americans believe that among those freed are fighters responsible for attacks against NATO troops. U.S. soldiers at Bagram military base — Photo: United States Navy But for the Kandahar families gathered at the Red Cross headquarters, the wait continues. In the small courtyard facing the telephone booths, the organization erected a tent of light blue canvas. Some 40 people have been waiting inside since the break of dawn, just to be able to talk for a bit with their loved ones who are imprisoned on the other end of the country. This is the fourth time in eight months that Zakaria’s family has traveled from Qala Shamir to Kandahar to call him. Abdul Malik is very talkative. His face covered in a white beard and his hair covered by a black turban, the owner of the village grocery is convinced his cousin is innocent. “Zakaria is not a Taliban. He was arrested by mistake,” he says. On the night of the raid, it was so warm that Malik was sleeping outside in his courtyard, and is sure there were no fights during the lightning-fast operation. Out of the five arrested that night, Zakaria is the only one who remains in custody. Whenever they call, Zakaria asks his family to send him books, and says he is not ill-treated. But whether that’s the truth or simply an act of discretion in the event he is being monitored is unclear. The conversations usually avoid sensitive topics. Many families choose not to give their sons bad news, such as the death of a relative, so as not to disturb them further. The old woman in black is now weeping, after having just hung up the phone. Already, another family is slipping into the small wooden booth, and the Zakarias will be on their way back to Qala Shamir, where war still looms. There, between the Afghan soldiers posted at the entry of the village and the Taliban hidden nearby, the population is in the proverbial crossfire. “When fights break out, we’re stuck between the two sides,” Malik says. Thirteen years after they were installed, the telephone booths at the International Committee of the Red Cross still represent a precious chord of humanity in the horror of the Afghanistan war. ...

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2014: Troop Withdrawal From Afghanistan

NATO, U.S. and UK troops withdraw from Afghanistan, December The year 2014 will be a milestone for Afghanistan, as NATO, the United States and Britain have announced their intention to withdraw troops by the end of the year — aiming to have Afghan forces regain full responsibility for security across the country.   Beyond the security transition, there will also be the question of political change, as presidential elections are scheduled for April 5 — and current president Hamid Karzai, who assumed office back in 2001, will be required by the country's constitution to step down.   U.S. Army soldiers training in Afghanistan — Photo: U.S. Army   For more on the security transition in Afghanistan, read this explainer on NATO's official website.   We also offer this Die Welt/Worldcrunch look back on Afghanistan: Anatomy Of A War That Couldn't Be Won. Photo: U.S. Army...

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Karzai Denounces U.S. Attack That Killed 2-Year-Old

Photo: Xinhua Kabul/ZUMA “This attack shows that American forces are not respecting the life and safety of Afghan people’s houses.”    Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai blamed the U.S. for a drone attack on a home in the southwestern Helmand province that killed a 2-year-old child and wounded two women Thursday, saying he would not sign a security agreement with the U.S. if such attacks continue.   “For years, our innocent people have become victims of the war under the name of terrorism, and they have had no safety in their homes,” Karzai added.   A U.S.-led international coalition took responsibility for the attack, acknowledging the civilian casualties and vowing to investigate. “We extend our deepest sympathies to the families and loved ones of those killed or wounded,” a statement said.   Read more from The Washington Post here. ...

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Afghanistan Opium Turnout Booming

  Photo:  Amran Source - Xinhua/ZUMA   KABUL - Opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has risen by 36% to reach a record high in 2013, the Afghan government and the UN announced on Wednesday.    According to a report by the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNOCD), 209,000 hectares of crops have been reported, which is higher than the previous peak of 193,000 hectares in 2007. The UNOCD also said the 2013 opium production in the country amounted to 5,500 tons, up by almost a half since 2012 but still lower the the 2007 record high of 7,400 tons.   The UN blames the rise on increasing insecurity and political instability. Opium poppy cultivation has been on a steady rise since 2010 in Afghanistan.  ...

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