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Women Boxers Fight Prejudices In Afghanistan

KABUL — Boxing is Shigofa Haidari’s passion. But in Afghanistan, that means practicing three days a week in Kabul’s Ghazi Stadium, where the Taliban used to organize public executions. Haidari is wearing a light headscarf today. An injury prevents her from training, but she is happy to watch her friends go through all the basic boxing moves. The women are skipping, trotting slowly in single file between the punching bags, and sparring in the ring. Yes, women’s boxing has officially gained recognition in Afghanistan a decade after the fundamentalist Taliban militia reigned over Kabul, where they forbade sport altogether as a threat that could turn humans away from God. Of course, they also banned women from leaving home unless they were covered from head to toe. Even their eyes had to be hidden behind a full burqa. The symbolism of women boxing in Ghazi Stadium, where the ultimate punishment was meted out for those who disobeyed the Taliban’s fundamentalist edicts, is highly significant.Boxing training in a club in Kabul — Photo: Ahmad Massoud/Zuma Breaking taboos Since Western countries arrived in Afghanistan, the promotion of sports has won some battles, but not yet the war against certain traditions. A fierce opposition still exists against certain disciplines, among which most certainly is women’s boxing, which aims to break the most deeply anchored taboo of Afghan society. “We agree women can become doctors, economists or mathematicians, but not athletes,” says a former Taliban leader. He insists that when a woman practices a sport such as boxing, she commits numerous sins, including the wearing of inappropriate dress, making a spectacle of herself in front of men, and traveling without a male family member as an escort. Mir Zarif Jallal, head of international relations at the Afghan Olympic National Comittee, explains that many still believe that physical activities linked to sport can damage a woman’s hymen. “The woman’s virginity and the signs used to prove it have a crucial significance in this country,” he says. “It constitutes one of the main reasons for the opposition to women’s boxing and other disciplines like it.”...

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On Eve Of Afghan Election, Prisoners And Families In Crossfire

KANDAHAR — The young man’s voice comes crackling through, sounding as if it’s so far away that it’s another era entirely. Bent over an old telephone fitted in a box, an old woman wrapped all in black listens hard and asks questions, in between her sobs. The whole family is gathered around the woman: her two sons, her brother, a nephew and a cousin. They are all crammed in the tiny wooden booth installed by the International Committee of the Red Cross at its headquarters in Kandahar, the largest city in southern Afghanistan and the Taliban’s spiritual home.  The young man whose echo was scrambled across the telephone line is named Zakaria. He is being detained more than 500 kilometers away, in the infamous prison of Bagram, the location of a U.S. military base north of Kabul. He was arrested during the summer of 2013 in his home village of Qala Shamir, in one of the most violent districts near Kandahar. “He was sleeping peacefully at home when they arrived and arrested him in the middle of the night,” recalls Abdul Malik, a cousin who accompanied the rest of his family for the phone call organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Amid daily violence, Afghanistan prepares to vote for a new president Saturday, and the issue of prisoners like Zakaria continues to be a thorn in the side of the relationship between outgoing President Hamid Karzai and the United States. The longstanding Afghan leader has been making a point of denouncing night raids by American troops, part of his strategy to win back support from a public that has never accepted the arbitrary aspect of many arrests or the number of civilians killed and injured during those operations. A terrible mistake Since the U.S. ceded control of the Bagram detention center to the Afghan authorities in March 2013, Karzai has ordered the release of 120 prisoners over the objections of Washington. The Americans believe that among those freed are fighters responsible for attacks against NATO troops. U.S. soldiers at Bagram military base — Photo: United States Navy But for the Kandahar families gathered at the Red Cross headquarters, the wait continues. In the small courtyard facing the telephone booths, the organization erected a tent of light blue canvas. Some 40 people have been waiting inside since the break of dawn, just to be able to talk for a bit with their loved ones who are imprisoned on the other end of the country. This is the fourth time in eight months that Zakaria’s family has traveled from Qala Shamir to Kandahar to call him. Abdul Malik is very talkative. His face covered in a white beard and his hair covered by a black turban, the owner of the village grocery is convinced his cousin is innocent. “Zakaria is not a Taliban. He was arrested by mistake,” he says. On the night of the raid, it was so warm that Malik was sleeping outside in his courtyard, and is sure there were no fights during the lightning-fast operation. Out of the five arrested that night, Zakaria is the only one who remains in custody. Whenever they call, Zakaria asks his family to send him books, and says he is not ill-treated. But whether that’s the truth or simply an act of discretion in the event he is being monitored is unclear. The conversations usually avoid sensitive topics. Many families choose not to give their sons bad news, such as the death of a relative, so as not to disturb them further. The old woman in black is now weeping, after having just hung up the phone. Already, another family is slipping into the small wooden booth, and the Zakarias will be on their way back to Qala Shamir, where war still looms. There, between the Afghan soldiers posted at the entry of the village and the Taliban hidden nearby, the population is in the proverbial crossfire. “When fights break out, we’re stuck between the two sides,” Malik says. Thirteen years after they were installed, the telephone booths at the International Committee of the Red Cross still represent a precious chord of humanity in the horror of the Afghanistan war. ...

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2014: Troop Withdrawal From Afghanistan

NATO, U.S. and UK troops withdraw from Afghanistan, December The year 2014 will be a milestone for Afghanistan, as NATO, the United States and Britain have announced their intention to withdraw troops by the end of the year — aiming to have Afghan forces regain full responsibility for security across the country.   Beyond the security transition, there will also be the question of political change, as presidential elections are scheduled for April 5 — and current president Hamid Karzai, who assumed office back in 2001, will be required by the country's constitution to step down.   U.S. Army soldiers training in Afghanistan — Photo: U.S. Army   For more on the security transition in Afghanistan, read this explainer on NATO's official website.   We also offer this Die Welt/Worldcrunch look back on Afghanistan: Anatomy Of A War That Couldn't Be Won. Photo: U.S. Army...

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Karzai Denounces U.S. Attack That Killed 2-Year-Old

Photo: Xinhua Kabul/ZUMA “This attack shows that American forces are not respecting the life and safety of Afghan people’s houses.”    Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai blamed the U.S. for a drone attack on a home in the southwestern Helmand province that killed a 2-year-old child and wounded two women Thursday, saying he would not sign a security agreement with the U.S. if such attacks continue.   “For years, our innocent people have become victims of the war under the name of terrorism, and they have had no safety in their homes,” Karzai added.   A U.S.-led international coalition took responsibility for the attack, acknowledging the civilian casualties and vowing to investigate. “We extend our deepest sympathies to the families and loved ones of those killed or wounded,” a statement said.   Read more from The Washington Post here. ...

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Afghanistan Opium Turnout Booming

  Photo:  Amran Source - Xinhua/ZUMA   KABUL - Opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan has risen by 36% to reach a record high in 2013, the Afghan government and the UN announced on Wednesday.    According to a report by the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNOCD), 209,000 hectares of crops have been reported, which is higher than the previous peak of 193,000 hectares in 2007. The UNOCD also said the 2013 opium production in the country amounted to 5,500 tons, up by almost a half since 2012 but still lower the the 2007 record high of 7,400 tons.   The UN blames the rise on increasing insecurity and political instability. Opium poppy cultivation has been on a steady rise since 2010 in Afghanistan.  ...

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Eight Afghan Workers Shot Dead En Route To US Army Base

BBC (UK), AFP Worldcrunch LOGAR– At least 8 Afghan workers were kidnapped and shot dead on their way to jobs at a U.S. military base in Logar province, south of Kabul. No group has taken responsibility for the attack, however, local officials blame the Taliban terrorist group, BBC reports. The workers, aged from 15 to 25, were in a van on the way to work in the Camp Shank US army base, when they were stopped by a group of a dozen gunmen, forced out of the vehicle, and shot in the head one, Logar police chief Rais Khan Sadeq told AFP. “The bodies of the civilians were found blindfolded”, said Logar administration spokesman Din Mohammad Darvish. “They were poor and ordinary workers, all civilians”, he added. According to AFP, U.S. and NATO military bases throughout Afghanistan are used to hiring local workers as cleaners for their construction sites. The attack was the deadliest since the beginning of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan -- traditionally a time of peace and charity. Afghan Police bordermen - Photo : Staff Sgt. Shane Hamann...

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Taliban Militants Raid Presidential Palace in Kabul

AL JAZEERA (QATAR), BBC NEWS (UK), REUTERS, AFP Worldcrunch KABUL – At least seven people were killed Tuesday morning in the Afghan capital, after Taliban militants attacked buildings near the Presidential palace, the BBC reports, casting further doubt on the recently announced peace talks with the insurgents. According to a Reuters reporter at the scene, the attack began soon after 6:30 a.m. local time (02:00 GMT), when a man opened fire in front of the Presidential palace gates with an automatic rifle. The Taliban quickly claimed responsibility for this attack, which happened as reporters were arriving for a press conference with President Hamid Karzai. Several bombings ensued in the neighborhood, where the defense ministry and the Ariana Hotel, the CIA's Afghan station, are also located. The explosions were followed by about 90 minutes of small arms fire, as attackers and police engaged in a gun battle, Al Jazeera reports. Officials say four insurgents and three security guards died during the raid. This move on the part of the Taliban casts further doubt on the issue of the peace process, Reuters writes. Last week, U.S. officials tried to give a fresh start peace talks in Qatar, but these were quickly derailed after the Afghan president Karzai decided to boycott the meeting with the insurgents. Also on Tuesday morning, a roadside bomb killed eight women and a child in southern Afghanistan, as they were on their way to celebrate a wedding engagement, AFP reports. ...

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