Close

Forgot your password?

Choose a newsletter




Premium access provided by ENSTA

Your premium access provided by ENSTA

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by NRC Q

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to NRC Q.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by EM-LYON

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to EM-LYON.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by Goldsmiths

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to Goldsmiths.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by WorldCrunch HQ

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 4 weeks thanks to WorldCrunch HQ.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by MINES Alès

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to MINES Alès.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by ESCP Europe Alumni

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to ESCP Europe Alumni.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by IONIS Education Group

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to IONIS Education Group.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by MinnPost

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 6 months thanks to MinnPost.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by Expatica

You've been given FREE premium access to Worldcrunch

Enter your email to begin

Worldcrunch

Colombia Drug Cartel’s New Vehicle For Shipping Cocaine: Submarines

Colombia‘s drug barons are going underwater, with million dollar submarines that can ship up to eight tons of cocaine per load.

Article illustrative image Partner logo A captured cartel submarine in US custody (Todd Huffman)

Off the east coast of Central America, the Honduran navy recently captured a submarine with some four tons of cocaine and five crew members on board.

The drug mob is now believed to have a whole fleet of submarines used to ship cocaine from producing countries like Colombia and Peru to distributors in Mexico and Africa, where it then can make its way onto the lucrative European and US markets.

Experts have expressed amazement at the technical savvy that lies behind the submarines’ design and construction. The boats are built expressly for the drug trade. A few weeks ago, Colombian authorities captured a brand-new submarine in a river in the middle of the jungle. The boat was 30 meters long, and although empty when seized, it had room for four people – and eight tons of cocaine.

"With a vessel like that, it would take you eight, maybe nine, days to get from Colombia to Mexico and you could stay submerged the whole way," says Colombian General Jairo Erazo.

The submarine found in the jungle belonged to the latest generation of narco-submarines, and unlike earlier-generation boats, it is completely submersible. A similar model was found by narcotics agents in Ecuador, another in 2008 in Mexico.

Jay Bergman, US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Andean regional director, has called the advent of narco-submarines “a game-changer,” and new models are even more sophisticated.

"They’ve made a huge technological leap forward," says Colombian Admiral Hernando Wills. The propeller-driven boat found in the jungle, which apparently had yet to make its maiden voyage, was 10 meters longer than earlier models.

The submarines leave from the impoverished port city of Buenaventura on the Pacific coast of Colombia. There are enough out-of-work captains and sailors there who, for good money, are willing to risk making such a run.

Buenaventura is one of the most dangerous cities in Colombia. The region, inhabited mainly by Afro-Colombians, is not only where drug transportation is organized, it’s also where the cartels deal arms. Marxist FARC rebels and right-wing paramilitary groups are avid takers for the weapons, and also important players in the Colombian cocaine trade.

Drugs for weapons, round-trip

Criminal groups control every aspect of the drug trade in Colombia, from inland production to transportation. They can earn double if the drugs are shipped by submarine to Mexico because, on the return journey, the boats can be loaded with US-made weapons that gangs smuggle over the American border into Mexico.

Experts can only guess at the number of submarines currently shipping tons of cocaine from Colombia to Mexico. But even just one delivery of eight tons puts hundreds of millions of euros into cartel coffers.

The black-market price for a kilo of cocaine can be as high as 70,000 euros. Every successful submarine run means sales of up to 500 million euros at street prices. When the cocaine gets to Mexico, local cartels there take over distribution.

The cartels use some of the huge profits to invest in new technology that enables them to run rings around narcotics squads. Before he was killed in 1993, Colombian drug baron Pablo Escobar had cocaine flown to Mexico and the States in small planes, one of which can be seen at his hacienda near Medellín, now a local tourist attraction.

When police found the hidden runways used by the cocaine planes, the smugglers began throwing packets of cocaine out of the planes at predetermined locations. When the police got wise to that, the cartels chartered speedboats and used them until the coast guard caught on. And now they have submarines, whose presence cannot currently be picked up by radar systems or by patrolling law-enforcement ships and planes.

Experts estimate the cost of building a narco-submarine at around $2 million; their design requires not only highly specialized engineering skills, but expertise in such fields as fiberglass technology and ballast calculation.

The drug mafia‘s narco-submarines are prompting states to set ideological differences aside and join forces. Even the US and Bolivia, whose diplomatic relations are not good, are working together behind the scenes on a cooperation agreement, and Bolivian President Evo Morales has abandoned his campaign to have the coca leaf declared a part of humanity’s intangible heritage. That the record amount of cocaine seized so far -- 25.5 tons -- was seized in Bolivia last year should scare even him.

For over a year, Colombia and Venezuela have been working together to fight the drug trade, with some success: in recent months, 17 high-ranking drug bosses have been arrested.

Read the original article in German 

photo - Todd Huffman 

 

 

Sign up for our Worldcrunch Weekly newsletter now


Be a part of the conversation. Click to show comments
About this article source Website: http://www.welt.de/

Die Welt (“The World”) is a German daily founded in Hamburg in 1946, and currently owned by the Axel Springer AG company, Europe's largest publishing house. Now based in Berlin, Die Welt is sold in more than 130 countries. A Sunday edition called Welt am Sonntag has been published since 1948.

Load More Stories

Unlimited access to exclusive journalism, the best world news source across all your devices

Subscribe Now Photo of Worldcrunch on different devices

Your premium access to Worldcrunch is provided by

University of Central Lancashire

Please register to begin


By registering you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.