Close

Forgot your password?

Choose a newsletter




Premium access provided by ENSTA

Your premium access provided by ENSTA

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by NRC Q

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to NRC Q.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by EM-LYON

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to EM-LYON.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by Goldsmiths

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to Goldsmiths.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by Worldcrunch HQ

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to Worldcrunch HQ.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by MINES Alès Alumni

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to MINES Alès Alumni.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by ESCP Europe Alumni

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to ESCP Europe Alumni.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by IONIS Education Group

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to IONIS Education Group.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by SOAS University of London

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to SOAS University of London.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by Contact Expats

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to Contact Expats.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by Financial Review Beyond

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 8 weeks thanks to Financial Review Beyond.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by MinnPost

You have been given free premium access to Worldcrunch for 6 months thanks to MinnPost.

Enter your email to begin

Premium access granted to you by Expatica

You've been given FREE premium access to Worldcrunch

Enter your email to begin

Worldcrunch

Asia's 21st Century Billionaires - Two Tales Of Success And Loss In The Big City

Article illustrative image Partner logo Shanghai by night

SHANGHAI – Times are tough for billionaires. In Italy, their tax returns are being tracked down. In France, their overseas accounts are being scrutinized.

Brussels wants to ban bankers’ bonuses. Switzerland voted to outlaw golden handshakes. Even in the United States, billionaires – unless they are also philanthropists – have become suspicious characters.

Fortunately, there is still a promised land for billionaires – Asia. Fortunately? The term may be a misnomer, if one is to believe two great Asian novels, which were published this February and March: Secrets of a Five Star Billionaire by Tash Aw, and How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia by Mohsin Hamid.


These are two different books, yet they speak about the same thing: the mirages created by accelerated riches in the sprawling mega-cities of 21st century Asia. In their own surprising way, they show that if the personal appetite for wealth in contemporary Asia is largely the same appetite that shaped Europe in the 19th century and North America in the 20th century, its human and moral cost can reveal itself as equally devastating.

Other coincidences: both authors were born in the same year - 1971 - and this is their third novel each. Tash Aw is Malaysian of Chinese descent, born in Taipei, Taiwan. Mohsin Hamid is Pakistani, born in Lahore, where he still lives today.

Both studied in the best Western universities: Cambridge and Warwick for Aw; Princeton and Harvard for Hamid. They are both fans of Western literature: Albert Camus’ The Fall inspired Hamid’s first book; Aw writes in English but speaks perfect French.

After their studies abroad, both returned to live in Asia, fascinated by a renaissance that they wanted to witness. These two new books are must-reads if you want to understand the psychology of Asia’s capitalists today.

Mohsin Hamid's book is written like a self-help guide, the kinds of guides that are best sellers in the bookstores of Beijing and Kuala Lumpur. It focuses on the journey of a young boy whose family leaves a miserable rural life to try and survive in Lahore, the town that became a sprawling metropolis in just a few years. The youngest child chooses to succeed – and he does, beyond expectations. But the personal price of each step of his success justifies the title of the last chapter: "Have an exit strategy."

This chronicle of a social climber reads quickly, deliberately written in just 226 pages, the author explains, so that the text-message and Twitter generation can enjoy it right until the end. His wry humor is reminiscent of another excellent book, The White Tiger, by Indian author Aravind Adiga, which talked about the boom of the high tech sector in India with devastating cynicism.

Bright lights big city

Tash Aw tweets (@Tash_Aw) and his characters are addicted to their laptops and Blackberries, but the subtlety of his writing could not be reduced to 140-character technological shortcuts.

He lived in Shanghai for two years to write this novel and brilliantly describes the irresistible attraction of the bright lights of Shanghai. The novel, beautiful and cruel, describes the odyssey of five Malaysians who have come to the Chinese metropolis to seek fortune. The narrator, Walter Chao, writes self-help guides, one of which is called Five Star Billionaire.

Aw readily admits that while he was writing the book, he thought a lot about the parallels with the United States of a century ago, and of course New York, "which gave the impression – like Shanghai today – that everything is possible," he says. “Here, no one asks you questions, no one cares about your past,” he adds.

China is a major theme in the novel, as is the “complex relationship” that young Asians have with this country. "In a mega city like Shanghai, reinvention is not only authorized, it is encouraged. Perhaps this notion is fundamental to the identity of modern China, as it has had to reinvent itself several times during the past hundred years. It is the only way for it to resist violent change," he says.

These young Asian immigrants who want to succeed rush headlong, heartlong into their reinvention. "Never let your past weigh you down,” says one of the characters, Yinghui Leong. “Everyday is a new day,” she adds. Armed with the knowledge they acquired in the West, Aw and Hamid, try, each in their own way, to make the next generation benefit from their experience: "Our ambitions, our dreams, fulfilled and unfulfilled," explains Aw.

But in the eyes of Hamid, today’s dream today is not fulfilled either. "The market narrative of growth, more money, more cars, a bigger home is only half of the human story, because the other part of the human story is loss,” he said during an interview with U.S. public broadcaster PBS. “We get more fragile. We lose everybody we loved, and eventually we lose our lives. And that side of the story, how to deal with loss is something that this big economic boom isn't equipping us for, and I think creates a lot of tension," he said.

On the other side of the world, Harvard University philosopher Michael Sandel couldn’t agree more. His latest book is called What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets. 

Be a part of the conversation. Click to show comments
About this article source Website: http://www.lemonde.fr/

This leading French daily newspaper Le Monde ("The World") was founded in December 1944 in the aftermath of World War II. Today, it is distributed in 120 countries. In late 2010, a trio formed by Pierre Berge, Xavier Niel and Matthieu Pigasse took a controlling 64.5% stake in the newspaper.

Load More Stories

Unlimited access to exclusive journalism, the best world news source across all your devices

Subscribe Now Photo of Worldcrunch on different devices

Your premium access to Worldcrunch is provided by

University of Central Lancashire

Please register to begin


By registering you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.